Bangladesh

Bangladesh has proposed to reduce its emissions by 5% by 2030 from a 2011 base year; this reduction could rise to 15% with international support. As noted above Bangladesh’s NDC seems to offer strong opportunities for vertically integrated climate action. At the same time Bangladesh’s 7th Five Year Plan (2016-2020) includes a goal to improve air quality in Dhaka and other large cities. Given synergies between reducing GHG emissions and reducing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants (SLCPs), this suggests another possible entry point for vertically integrated action under Urban-LEDS II. The cities participating in the project receive support to develop Low Emission Development Strategies, GHG emission inventories, climate commitments and to implement a variety of low emission development solutions – see page “At a glance” and “Achievements”.

Led by: ICLEI South Asia Secretariat.

About Bangladesh

The Planning Commission supported convening the Project Advisory Group (PAG), including representation from national ministries, government institutions and departments, think-tanks, development partners, and other relevant organizations. The PAG has meet first time during the national project launch and Talanoa Dialogue held in November 2018.

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ICLEI South Asia Secretariat
Head Office: New Delhi
C-3, Lower Ground Floor
Green Park Extension
New Delhi 110016
India
Tel: +91 11 4974 7200
Fax: +91 11 4974 7201

Narayanganj city is the largest, historic and most populous city of Narayanganj district in Dhaka division of Bangladesh. Narayanganj Municipality was upgraded to Narayanganj City Corporation on 5th May 2011 to include 27 wards (i.e administrative zones) of Narayanganj Municipality, Siddhirganj Municipality and Kadamrasul Municipality. The city’s markets, located on the bank of River Sitalakhya, are historically important trading centres.

Narayanganj city has a mixed topography. The present urbanized areas and the levees of the Sitalakhya, the Buriganga, and the Old Brahmaputra Rivers are of comparatively higher elevation. Geologically the city is on a terrace lying from 1-10 meters above the adjacent floodplains.
The major geographic units of the city are: the high land or terrace, the low land or floodplain, depressions, and abandoned channels. Low lying swamps and marshes located in and around the area are other major topographic features. Narayanganj city is located near Bangladesh’s capital city of Dhaka and well connected with Dhaka-Chittagong highway. The city falls within the zone that is impacted by the development resulting fromthis important transport corridor. The River Sitalakhya passing through the city is used for water based connectivity and forms an integral part of the city for trade and transport.

Size of population (year) 709,364 persons (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
Size (km²) 47.22 km² (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
Population density (year) 22,563 hab/km² (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
Official language(s) Bengali
Major economic activities in the city Primary sector: Primary sector activities such as agriculture, mining and fishing are not as prevalent. Secondary sector: The city’s economy and trade is mainly driven business and industries for jute and oilseed trade, processing plants, cement manufacturing and textile industries etc. There is a river port used for shipping of industrial goods of these industries. Tertiary: A considerable number of the population works in small trade, private sector, and government jobs.
Population growth trend The annual population growth rate of district is 3.05 % (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
% of population living in urban areas 100%
Average annual rate of urbanisation 100% urbanization with an annual population growth of 3.05%
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year)
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

The metropolitan city of Rajshahi is situated on the bank of river Padma and is the headquarters of the Rajshahi administrative division of Bangladesh. Rajshahi is an education hub with a large number of educational institutions and is referred to as the Education city of Bangladesh. It is also famous for Rajshahi silk and often referred to as the Silk city. The city has taken notable efforts to reduce air pollution, led by the Rajshahi City Corporation.

Geographically Rajshahi is situated within Barind Tract, 23 m (75 ft) above sea level. The city is located on the alluvial planes of the Padma river, which flows through southern side of the city.

Size of population (year) 4,49,756 persons (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2011)
Size (km²) 96.72 km² (Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2011)
Population density (year) 4,611 hab/km² (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2011)
Official language(s) Bangla (Bengali) is the main language for the citizens of Rajshahi city. English is understood widely, especially for academic and business purposes.
Major economic activities in the city Primary sector: Major economic sectors constitute of agricultural and fishing activities. The city has a lot of water bodies for fishing and farming land for agricultural and agricultural related activities. Secondary sector: Silk based factories and manufacturing sectors, handcraft and boutique industries, food and fruits processing industries. Tertiary: Significant population engaged in public/semi-public/non-public sector, banking, education, trading business and private sector.
Population growth trend The annual population growth rate is 1.25% (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2011)
% of population living in urban areas 100%
Average annual rate of urbanisation 100% population living in urban with annual population growth of 1.25%
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year) 0.05 Million tCO2e (Energy and Carbon Emissions Profiles of 54 South Asian Cities, version- 1, 2009, ICLEI-South Asia)
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Greenhouse Gas emissions by sector

  • Other
  • Waste
  • Residential
  • Commercial
  • Industrial
Source Amount (tCO2e) %
Other 51%
Waste 33%
Residential 13%
Commercial 3%
Industrial 0%

Singra is a municipality of Natore district in Rajshahi division, Bangladesh. Singra Municipality was established in 1999 and includes 12 wards. The city is surrounded by the historic Chalan Beel and intersected by the Natore-Bogra highway in the east-west direction.

Singra city is located within the flood plain of Atrai and Gurnai Rivers, and also falls within the undulating Barind land. A number of water bodies including ponds and canals exist within the city area. The city experiences extreme weather during the summer and winter season as it falls within the Barind Tract. Historically floods occur every year due to the overflow of the two Rivers Atrai and Gurnai. The peripheral areas of Singra city are also situated at a lower altitude and are flooded nearly every year during monsoons.

Size of population (year) 33,192 persons (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
Size (km²) 29.39 km² (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
Population density (year) 2,869 hab/km² (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
Official language(s) Bengali
Major economic activities in the city Economy of Singra city is largely dependent on agriculture and small retail businesses. The retailers mostly collect their goods from local markets. There are a number of rice processing and saw mills in the city area. So, a majority of the population (42.46%) is involved in agricultural activities (primary Sector). 23.98% households are involved in small retail businesses (Secondary Sector), 2.05% are employed in government/autonomous organization, 2.05% are employed in the private sector, and 31.39% are involved in informal activities.
Population growth trend 3.92% (Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
% of population living in urban areas 25% (Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
Average annual rate of urbanisation 4.5% (Source: Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics census 2011)
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year)
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Sirajganj city is located in the greater Rajshahi division of Bangladesh, at a distance of about 110 km from the capital city of Dhaka. The city is situated on the banks of Jamuna River. Sirajganj is an important jute trade centre and houses jute mills. The city’s trade and businesses benefit from its close proximity to the Jamuna multipurpose bridge, the largest bridge in Bangladesh which connects Sirajganj to Dhaka and the eastern part of country via road and railway and also serves as a river port.

Sirajganj city falls in the floodplain of the Brahmaputra and Jamuna Rivers. Due to its geographical location, Sirajganj is susceptible to water logging, floods and river erosion along the banks of the Jamuna River.

Size of population (year) 1,58,913 (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2011)
Size (km²) 28.49 km² (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2011)
Population density (year) 5,577.9 hab/km² (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2011)
Official language(s) Bengali
Major economic activities in the city Primary sector: Major primary sectors are agriculture, fishing, dairy firms and informal commerce. Secondary sector: Secondary income comes from jute and small cottage industries including knitting and garments. Tertiary: A major part of population engaged in services including public and private services, banks, institutions and business.
Population growth trend Annual population growth rate is 2.17%. (Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics 2011)
% of population living in urban areas 100%
Average annual rate of urbanisation 100% population is living in urban areas with annual population growth of 2.17%
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year)
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

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