While Lao PDR’s NDC does not offer an overall emission reduction target, it does list a number of planned activities that will reduce emissions, and expresses an intention to “implement policies that support the long term goal of limiting global GHG emissions in line with the objectives of the UNFCCC…”. The review of the Lao NDC revealed strong interest in climate action in urban areas. At COP22, a representative of the Lao delegation proposed that Urban-LEDS II implementers select a smaller city to pilot vertically integrated emission reporting.
The cities participating in the project receive support to develop Low Emission Development Strategies, GHG emission inventories, climate commitments and to implement a variety of low emission development solutions – see page “At a glance” and “Achievements”.

Led by: ICLEI Southeast Asia Secretariat
Supported by: UN-Habitat Regional Office for Asia Pacific

About Lao PDR

The national Project Advisory Group (PAG) for Lao PDR is set up with the support of the Department of Climate Change (DCC) of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE), and was launched during the project launch in October 2018. It will serve as the Project Steering Committee for the implementation of the Urban-LEDS II.

Country achievements

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Contact us

ICLEI Southeast Asia Secretariat
Units 3-4, Manila Observatory, Ateneo de Manila University
Loyola Hts., Quezon City 1108, Philippines
Tel & Fax: +632 426 0851

UN-HABITAT Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific
ACROS Fukuoka Building, 8th Floor
1-1-1 Tenjin, Chuo-ku, Fukuoka 810-0001, Japan
Tel: + 81 92 724 7121
Fax: +81 92 724 7124



Additional cities are under selection

Pakse city (Lao: ນະຄອນ ປາກເຊ) is the capital city of Champasak province of Southern Laos, and the third most populous in the country, serving as a major transport and commercial hub for southern Laos. It is situated in southern Laos, at the confluence of Xedon River and the Mekong, about 100 kms north of the country’s border with Cambodia, 30 kms east of the Thailand border and some 200 kms west of the Viet Nam border. It is strategically located at a key point in the Greater Mekong Subregion (GMS), along Road 13S that connects to the GMS’ East-West and Southern Economic Corridors, and along Route 20 that connects to Thailand and Viet Nam. It is the capital of the southernmost province of Laos, Champasak, and has a total land area of 125 square kilometres (km2). Pakse has been officially declared as a city after the government recently announced the upgrade of three provincial capitals (Luangprabang, Kaysone Phomhivane and Pakse) to city status. A ceremony was held on 31st May 2018 to announce the new status of Pakse City.

The city of Pakse is located on a plain area approximately 102 metres above Mean Sea Level (MSL) and surrounded by high peaks adjacent to a large mountain. The Mekong is over one kilometre wide as it passes through Pakse, flowing broadly from northwest to south. The central area of Pakse and its immediate surroundings are relatively flat with slight undulations, levels varying about 20 meters within the urban area and 40 meters in the rural areas. Many of the low lying areas are below the 5-year-flood level of the Mekong River. The area along the Pakse side of the Mekong River is level for the length of the whole urban area. Similarly, the area west and south of the Xedon River to the Mekong River around Pakse Airport is also flat. Towards the east of the city, where much of Pakse’s development is occurring, the land rises towards Mount Bachiang, although the topography here is complex as the land also drops to the north. From north of Pakse to the east of the Xedon River, land is also relatively flat. The areas directly across the Mekong from Pakse in Phonthong District are relatively flat. These are a main rice growing area in Champasack Province. Downstream from the Mekong Bridge the land rises towards Mount Palou and Mount Malong, both abutting the Mekong River. Key attributes of the city as follows: plain/flat, lowland, river and costal, mountainous and plateau.

Size of population (year) 77,860 people (Population and Housing Census 2015), 80,431 people (2017)
Size (km²) 125 km²
Population density (year) 615.5 hab/km² (2015)
Official language(s) Lao is official language spoken in the city with some Vietnamese-Chinese, Mon-Khmer and ethnic languages.
Major economic activities in the city Pakse is the core business town of the southern provinces with a GDP of USD1,429 per capita in 2010. The trade and service sector accounted for about 50% of GDP, followed by 38% share for industry and 12% share for agriculture. The active labour force represents about 60% of the total population and of whom 27% are government officers, 13% are farmers, and the remaining 60% are traders, services providers, daily wage labours, and manufacturers. Wholesale and retail businesses flourish, primarily due to its close proximity to Thailand, Vietnam and Cambodia and associated improved transport connections. Primary sector: trade and services. Secondary sector: industry-manufacturing. Tertiary: agriculture.
Population growth trend 2.5%
% of population living in urban areas 87.5% (2015)
Average annual rate of urbanisation
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year)
City official website
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile Click here
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Kaysone Phomvihane city (Lao: ໄກສອນ ພົມວິຫານ), previously known as Khanthabouli (ຄັນທະບູລີ), is a city in western Laos and the capital of the of Savannakhet province. It sits on the Mekong River, bordering Thailand. The city is also known as Kaysone Phomvihane, the name of the 20th-century president who was born here. Kaysone Phomvihane City has a land area of 779.03 sq km. A border town and also serves as a major agro-industrial processing center. The town is the largest city in Savannakhet province, and is bounded to the west by the Mekong River and across the river by Mukdahane province in Thailand, to the east by Outhomphone district, to the south by Champhone district and to the north by Xaibouli district. Kaysone Phomvihane has been officially declared as a city after the government recently announced the upgrade of three provincial capitals (Luangprabang, Kaysone Phomhivane and Pakse) to city status. A ceremony was held on 25th May 2018 to announce the new status of Kaysone Phomvihane City.

Kaysone Phomvihane city is located in the alluvial river plain of the Mekong River: flat land along the Mekong River, dryland, lowland.

Size of population (year) 125,622 (Population and Housing Census 2015)
Size (km²) 779.03 km²
Population density (year) 193.1 hab/km² (2015)
Official language(s) Lao is the official language spoken in 99% of households, Phouthai and Vietnamese/Thai are spoken in the other 1% of households.
Major economic activities in the city Kaysone Phomivhane has emerged as the focal point for development of secondary and tertiary industries that are established in the province of Savannahket. The service sector and the industry and commercial sectors are the major source of employment and income for local inhabitants who work in both private business establishments and government institutions.

Primary sector: service. Secondary sector: industry, commerce, handicraft. Tertiary: agriculture-forestry. There has been a gradual shift away from the agriculture-forestry sector (with a share of 20.3% of GDP in 2010 to 19.1% in 2014) and services sector (GDP share reducing from 46.6% in 2010 to 45.6% in 2014) to the industrial/commercial sector (increasing its share of GDP from 32.9% in 2010 to 35.1% in 2014).

Although the agriculture sector is declining, rice is still the predominant agricultural product in Kaysone Phomvihane, with volume produced accounting for about 20% of national production since 1990s. Rice production is undertaken over an area of 14,681 ha. In addition to rice production, the area is becoming known as a rubber and eucalypt growing area; there are 180 ha planted with rubber trees and 105 ha planted with eucalypts.

The number of hotels, lodging houses and restaurants are increasing to accommodate the growing number of visitors and tourists in Kaysone Phomivihane. These establishments which are mostly in the town center are providing local employment to service providers. (Statistic Survey, Planning Office, Kaysone Phomvihane)

Population growth trend 1.6% (2015)
% of population living in urban areas 73% (2015)
Average annual rate of urbanisation
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year)
City official website
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile Click here
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

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