Colombia

Colombia’s Nationally Determined Contributions (NDC) target is to reduce GHG emissions by 20 % below Business As Usual (BAU) by 2030; this reduction could rise to 30 % below BAU if international support is available. In late 2016, a member of the Colombian delegation to COP22 expressed support for the vertical integration of city-level reporting into consolidated national-level NDC reporting for the 10-15 largest cities. Colombia is implementing an innovative, urban-sector Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action that is relevant to Urban-LEDS. This NAMA promotes compact, Transit-Oriented Development in several cities as a way to reduce transportation sector emissions – a potential financing model to explore for replication in other cities and countries via South-South learning. Two statutory plans provide opportunities for mainstreaming climate action: land use plans (planes de ordenamiento territorial), completed every twelve years, and municipal development plans that correspond to mayors’ four year mandates.The cities participating in the project receive support to develop Low Emission Development Strategies, GHG emission inventories, climate commitments and to implement a variety of low emission development solutions – see page “At a glance” and “Achievements”.

Led by: ICLEI South America Secretariat.
Supported by: UN-Habitat Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean

About Colombia

The Country team has mapped institutions to be involved in the Project Advisory Group (PAG), which will have strong synergies with the NDC Partnership.

Country achievements

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Contact us

ICLEI South America Secretariat
Based in the metropolitan area of the Aburrá Valley
Carrera 53 N 40A-31
Medellín, Antioquia – Colombia.
E-mail: urban-leds-brasil@iclei.org

UN-Habitat Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean
Rua Rumania 20 Rio de Janeiro RJ CEP 22240-140
Tel: +55 21 3235 8550
E-mail: rolac@onuhabitat.org

Cartago is a colombian municipality located to the north of the department of Valle del Cauca, which is located on the banks of the La Vieja River and on the western side of its territory runs the Cauca River. It is one of the oldest populations of the Department of Valle del Cauca, Colombia and South America.

The municipality is located in the north of the department of Valle del Cauca, being the gateway to this area, and is also located in the Cordillera Central belonging to the Andean Region of Colombia. It is located in a plain at a height of about 917 meters above sea level. Through the municipality, the Cauca river passes by one side and the La Vieja river runs parallel to the city. La Vieja river also represents a natural border with the department of Risaralda and is the river from which the urban area is supplied. The territory is flat and slightly undulating.

Size of population (year) 134,309 (DANE projections to 2018)
Size (km²) 279 km²
Population density (year) 508,65 hab/km² (Municipal Development Plan 2016-2019)
Official language(s) Spanish
Major economic activities in the city The economic activities of Cartago are mainly agriculture, livestock, commerce and small industry in which needlework stands out. Its colonial architecture represented in the religious temples and its spas make it attractive to tourists. The economic activities related to embroidery are well known, for this reason it is known to the city as the “Needlework Capital of the World” (Municipal Development Plan 2016-2019)
Population growth trend Not available data
% of population living in urban areas Urban areas 1,32,423 (98,5%), rural areas 1,886 (1,4%) (DANE projections to 2018)
Average annual rate of urbanisation Not available data
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year) Not available data
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile Not available yet
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Ibagué is a Colombian municipality located in the center-west of Colombia, on the Central Mountain Range of the Andes. It is the capital of the department of Tolima.

The municipality of Ibagué is located on the eastern slope of the central mountain range of Colombia, at the source of a wide valley formed by the Coello River and its tributary the Combeima River, which takes its waters from the snowy peaks of the Nevado del Tolima and are part of the Los Nevados National Park of Colombia, which largely belongs to the Municipality of Ibagué.

Size of population (year) 569,346
Size (km²) 1,439 km²
Population density (year) 380,07 hab/km²
Official language(s) Spanish
Major economic activities in the city The sectors of the economy of Ibagué are classified as follows: 83.9% corresponds to the tertiary sector, 14.5% to the secondary sector and only 1.5% to the primary sector. The capital of Tolima, Ibagué, concentrates 37% of the population and concentrates most of the administrative, institutional, financial, commercial, and industry services provision. (Municipal Development Plan 2016-2019)
Population growth trend
% of population living in urban areas Urban areas 538,486 (94,6%). Rural areas 30,860 (5,4%). (DANE projections to 2018)
Average annual rate of urbanisation
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year) 819,318 t CO2e in 2014. The results of the inventory of GHG emissions indicate the balance of GHG emissions per capita of the municipality of Ibagué, which amounts to 1.49 t CO2. The emissions of the municipality of Ibagué in 2014 were 1,229,249 t CO2e. Part of these emissions are offset by the absorptions, which amount in the same year to 409,931 t CO2e, resulting in an emissions balance of 819,318 t CO2e.
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile Click here
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Greenhouse Gas emissions by sector

  • AFOLU
  • Mobility
  • Stationary sources
  • Residential
  • Waste
Source Amount (tCO2e) %
AFOLU 440,052 33%
Mobility 397,946 32%
Stationary sources 231,853 19%
Residential 109,349 9%
Waste 91,593 7%

Manizales is a Colombian municipality, capital of the department of Caldas. It is located in the center west of Colombia, in the Paisa region, on the Central Mountain Range of the Andes, near the Nevado del Ruiz. Founded in 1849, today it is a city with economic, industrial, cultural and tourist activities.Regarding its cultural activities can be mentioned the Manizales Fair, the International Theater Festival of Manizales, being the most important theater city in the history of Colombia.

The city of Manizales, located at a height of 2,153 meters above sea level, is located in the central region of western Colombia, on the extension of the Andes mountain range. The relief of the city is especially mountainous. Near Manizales, is located the Nevado del Ruiz, with a height of 5,321 meters above sea level. Due to its geographical location, in Manizales there are diverse landscapes, such as snow-capped mountains, volcanoes, forests, mountains and valleys. A particularity of Manizales is that it has 8 microclimates within its urban area. The average temperature of the city is 16°C. Towards the west, is the Cauca River Valley, which allows warm climates being suitable for coffee cultivation. Towards the east and the south, the paramos appear and the snow landscape of the Natural National Park The Nevados.

Size of population (year) 400,154 (DANE projections to 2018)
Size (km²) Rural area: 380.12 km², urban Area: 191.76 km², total area: 571.8 km²
Population density (year) 830.35 hab/km² (Municipal Development Plan 2016-2019)
Official language(s) Spanish
Major economic activities in the city According to GDP, the econocmic sectors are concentrated in the following branches: Industry: 21%, housing renting: 14%, Financial sector: 14% (Municipal Development Plan 2016-2019)
Population growth trend 0.35% per year
% of population living in urban areas Urban areas 372,593 (93,1), rural areas 27,561 (6,8%) (DANE projections to 2018)
Average annual rate of urbanisation Not available yet
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year) 454,441 tonnes of CO2e from mobile sources, 64,077 from stationary sources (GHG Emissions Inventory base year 2014)
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile Click here
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Greenhouse Gas emissions by sector

  • Mobile sources
  • Stationary sources
Source Amount (tCO2e) %
Mobile sources 454,441 87.64%
Stationary sources 64,077 12.36%

Cali, officially the Special, Sports, Cultural, Tourism, Business and Services District of Santiago de Cali, is a Colombian district, capital of the department of Valle del Cauca. Cali is the third most populated city in Colombia. It is located in the southern region of the Cauca Valley, between the western mountain range and the central mountain range of the Andean region. The city is part of the metropolitan area of Cali, along with the municipalities close to it.

The city is flat with an average elevation of 1,000 meters above sea level. Cali is also located in a strategic point: towards the west (approximately 100 km) it connects with the port of Buenaventura on the Pacific coast, and to the northeast the industrial center of Yumbo with which it forms the Metropolitan Area of Cali. The Pan-American Highway crosses the city, therefore it is a compulsory passage from Colombia to Ecuador. The main river of the city and the department is the Cauca River, also one of the most important rivers in Colombia.

Size of population (year) 2,470,747 inhabitants
Size (km²) Urban area: 119.2 km², rural area: 426.1 km²
Population density (year) 4335,6 hab/km²
Official language(s) Spanish
Major economic activities in the city
Population growth trend The city has grown by 39,7% since 1991 (Cali en cifras, http://www.cali.gov.co/planeacion/publicaciones/137802/cali-en-cifra)
% of population living in urban areas Urban areas 2.470.747 (98%), rural areas 36.628 (2%) (DANE projections to 2018)
Average annual rate of urbanisation Not available
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year) 4,174,608 tons of CO2e (2010)
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile Click here
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Greenhouse Gas emissions by sector

  • Energy
  • Wate
  • Other
Source Amount (tCO2e) %
Energy 2,900,000 71%
Waste 1,100,000 27.4%
Other 174,608 1.6%

The Metropolitan Area of the Aburrá Valley is made up of 10 municipalities: Medellín (as a core city), Envigado, Barbosa, Copacabana, Caldas, Itagui, Bello, Girardota, Sabaneta and La Estrella.

Hilly, with the Medellín River cutting across the city from north to south.

Size of population (year) 3,909,729 inhabitants in the 10 municipalities that make up the Metropolitan Area of the Aburrá Valley (Departamento Administrativo Nacional de Estadística – DANE, 2018)
Size (km²) Urban area: 340 km², rural area: 812 km², total area: 1,152 km²
Population density (year) 3,104 hab/km²
Official language(s) Spanish
Major economic activities in the city Primary sector: Commerce (43,84%) and services 32,84%). Secondary sector: Industry (15,06%) and Construction (2,80%). Tertiary: Agriculture (1,19 %), Minery (0,24%) and Ohers (4,02%) (Cámara de Comercio de Medellín y Cámara de Comercio del Aburrá Sur. Cálculos: ECU y CP, 2011)
Population growth trend 13% in the last decade
% of population living in urban areas 4,7% (2016)
Average annual rate of urbanisation Not available
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year) 1,80,012 tonnes of CO2e in 2014 (Seminario “Inventario de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero” – Seminar “Inventory of greenhouse gas emissions” – Gustavo Londoño Gaviria)
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile Not available yet
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Greenhouse Gas emissions by sector

  • Agriculture
  • Energy
  • AFOLU
  • Waste
  • IPPU
Source Amount (tCO2e) %
Agriculture 68,566 38.1%
Energy 65,973 36.6%
AFOLU 26,015 14.5%
Waste 10,278 5.7%
IPPU 9,180 5.1%

The Municipality of Tópaga is located in Department of Boyacá. It is located 98 Kms northeast of the departmental capital (Tunja). Its relief is part of the eastern mountain range.

Cold weather, High mountain, 622 Hectares of subparamo. it is located on the Eastern mountain range of the Colombian Andes.

Size of population (year) Total: 3,692, urban: 1,428, rural: 2,264 (DANE projections to 2018)
Size (km²) The total area of the municipality is 36 km². Urban area is 6,4 km² (17,29%), rural area is 30,6 km² (82,10%) (Topaga Municipal Development Plan 2016-2019)
Population density (year) 112 hab/km² (Topaga Municipal Development Plan 2016-2019)
Official language(s) Spanish
Major economic activities in the city The economy of the Municipality of Tópaga has its bases in the primary sector, where agriculture, mining and livestock stand out. Coal mining is an economic activity on which a large part of the population depends. It is the third producer of thermal coal in the region. It also important its artisanal activity in the charcoal carving by the coal carvers foundation of the municipality of Tópaga. The tertiary or service sector is based mainly on trade and tourism (Topaga Municipal Development Plan 2016-2019)
Population growth trend Not available data
% of population living in urban areas Urban areas 132,423 (98,5%), rural areas 1,886 (1,4%) (DANE projections to 2018)
Average annual rate of urbanisation Not available data
Greenhouse Gas emissions (total in C02e/year) Tópaga is developing its GHG emissions inventory, it is expected to have preliminary results at the end of this year 2018.
City official website Click here
carbonn Climate Registry (cCR) profile Not available yet
Urban-LEDS city profile Not available yet

Information forthcoming.

News from the country